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September 20, 2023

The Levitation Protocol's Position within the Zero Knowledge Landscape | SKALE

SKALE Network

What is Zero Knowledge (ZK) Technology?

Zero Knowledge (ZK) technology is a cryptographic concept that allows one party to prove to another that they know specific information without revealing the data itself. Zero Knowledge Proofs (ZKPs) are essential to this process, serving as cryptographic validity proofs to demonstrate the correctness of a statement without divulging any underlying details about the statement.

Zero Knowledge in Crypto: A Game-Changer

The rise in popularity of ZK technology in blockchain is not by chance. It promises to be the much-sought solution to Ethereum blockchain's scalability issue. With Zero Knowledge technology, the vision is clear: onboard the next billion blockchain users without clogging the network or skyrocketing gas fees. By ensuring data secrecy while upholding transactional integrity, ZK offers not just scalability but also fosters trust and efficiency, integral for widespread adoption.

What are Zero Knowledge (ZK) Rollups?

ZK rollups are a novel solution addressing the scalability challenges facing blockchains. They work by consolidating multiple transactions into a single batch off-chain. The premise lies in reducing the data sent to the blockchain: instead of individual transactions, a statement representing these transactions is submitted. Accompanying this statement is a validity proof, a cryptographic assurance that the submitted batch genuinely represents the included transactions.

This approach offers substantial advantages. By batching multiple transactions and processing them off-chain, ZK rollups not only drastically augment the transaction throughput but also minimize associated gas fees.

ZK Rollups empower a wide range of platforms and applications to achieve an optimized version of their capabilities. There are certain sectors that are particularly poised to benefit from ZK Rollups. DeFi applications, for instance, are a prime candidate. The often prohibitive gas fees associated with their complex operations become far more accessible to the everyday user. Additionally, for apps that prioritize user privacy, the inherent nature of ZK technology provides a marked boost in confidentiality. In general, the advanced security features provided by ZK technology significantly enhance the confidentiality and integrity of user data in Dapps.

Differentiating Levitation Protocol from ZK Rollups

The Levitation Protocol takes the ZK rollup concept and enhances it. Unlike conventional ZK solutions that are predominantly centralized, Levitation incorporates a decentralized sequencer, established through smart contracts on a SKALE AppChain. This decentralized nature ensures that any new or winning open-sourced ZK technology will be able to be integrated with SKALE via Levitation Protocol. 

What is Levitation Protocol? Beyond Scalability

SKALE's Levitation Protocol isn't merely about handling transactions efficiently, it's about bolstering the entire SKALE ecosystem. It paves the way for any operator in Zero Knowledge Proofs to present a decentralized ZK solution to app developers via a SKALE Chain. Furthermore, with its expansive app-chain network, boasting over 20 EVM blockchains and gas-free transactions, SKALE provides a fertile ground for developers to sow their decentralized apps. Moreover, SKALE is a battle-tested solution that has been through the ups and downs of the crypto market, while many of the emerging ZK Rollups are yet to prove their long-term reliability.

Breaking Down Levitation's Edge

Decentralization: Levitation's unique sequencer protocol ensures decentralization, a departure from the status quo in the ZK protocol world. Existing open-sourced ZK rollups can be executed on Levitation, thus becoming decentralized, with no need for changes to their foundational software.

Interoperability & Modularity: Levitation isn't just a protocol, it's a toolkit. It metamorphoses existing ZK rollups into modules that coexist and operate harmoniously.

Unified Security: With Levitation, different ZK rollups can operate on a single SKALE chain that is Levitation-enabled. This not only provides a unified transaction ledger but also facilitates interaction between rollups.

The Future of ZK Rollups and Beyond

The horizon looks promising for ZK Rollups. With solutions like the Levitation Protocol championing decentralization and adaptability, the future of ZK in crypto is poised for a revolution. As the domain evolves, Levitation stands ready to redefine the paradigms and lead the ZK renaissance.


SKALE is the world's fastest blockchain, designed for fast, secure, user-centric Ethereum scaling. SKALE chains offer zero gas fees to end-users and have advanced features such as ML/AI smart contracts, on-chain file storage, interchain messaging, zero-cost minting, and enhanced security features.

The SKALE network enables developers to deploy their own EVM blockchain in minutes without sacrificing speed, security, or decentralization. Welcome to the SKALEverse.

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